More trawling the internet…….. I came across a report prepared by the Department of Environment, Fiji, for a meeting of the Small Island Developing States (SIDS). Maybe they didn’t know that acronym is already being used for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, which is unfortunate.
Anyway, while trying to get a handle on the scope of the problem of pollution in Fiji, I found this paper. I am not sure of when it was presented, but it was last modified on 27 September 2010. http://www.uncrd.or.jp/env/3r_02/presentations/BG4/4-1FijiCountryReportKL.pdf
It states, amongst other things, that:
In the year 2003 from January to December,the total influx of PET bottles in Fiji was recorded around
44 million which includes 1.7 million of imports and 42 million PET bottles being produced locally. (Note that the production 5 (sic) of PET bottles serves to mean the bottles that are blown up locally using imported pellets)
If that was in 2003, what has happened since then, in the last 10 years? I might be able to work it out. Coca Cola Amatil, Fii Water, and perhaps some other companies use blowfill technology here in Fiji. Perhaps others do too. If one looked at the companies using blowfill, and their profits and units in 2003, and then did a calculation on the subsequent years, one may be able to come up with both the number of PET bottles present in Fiji over 10 years, and also the percentage of them produced and sold by each company using the technology. Blow fill technology in itself may reduce a company’s carbon footprint, however, the sheer weight of numbers of the bottles is overwhelming when there is no real plan to dispose of them.
Solid Waste at the moment is either being thrown in the open dumpsites, illegally disposed of in the sea or on unused land, in the streets or being burnt in piles in the backyard. Burning of municipal waste is also quite common despite and towns and cities have been continuously exposed to destructive effects such as carcinogenic toxins from burning and impacts of poor waste management.
and it goes further to indicate
A litter survey was carried out along the Suva Edinburgh Drive for 1.8km and1.5km along Suva Queen Elizabeth Drive. The predominant pollutants identified in both the Draft 12 surveys were snack packets followed by Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) bottles and plastic bags.and that:
Solid waste disposal facilities are currently very poor in Fiji with about 7 out of the 11 sites being located in mangroves, which are polluting the water bodies. Not a single rubbish dump around the country is environmentally safe and socially
acceptable. These dumps are managed poorly. Most of these open dumpsites are infested with flies, rodents, pests, and scavengers. Besides it emits a foul smell and there are no mechanisms in place to ensure that the leachates do not leak into adjacent land and waterways.
About Plastic Bags:b.Plastic BagsAt the moment, the department are working closely with municipal councils on how best this issue could be tackled, where the focus would be more on awareness and setting up incentives, rather then focusingtoo much on alternatives such as bio-degradable plastics, which also has adverse effects.